James Eadie QC has reportedly advised the government to limit the information it provides to the UK Covid-19 Inquiry on its handling of the pandemic. And he’s warned ministers that they could face claims for damages from bereaved families. The inquiry is due to commence in 2023.
Leading barrister Mike Mansfield QC chaired an earlier people’s inquiry into the pandemic. According to the inquiry’s report, departments such as the DHSC could face corporate manslaughter charges.
The People’s Covid Inquiry (PCI), chaired by Mansfield, published a report in December 2021. Its panel included leading clinicians and witnesses, comprised of:
bereaved families, frontline NHS and key workers, national and international experts, trade union and council leaders, and representatives from disabled people’s and pensioners’ organisations.
The report’s preface says:
There were lives lost and lives devastated, which was foreseeable and preventable. From lack of preparation and coherent policy, unconscionable delay, through to preferred and wasteful procurement, to ministers themselves breaking the rules, the misconduct is earth-shattering
And a separate summary refers to a Commons select committee report that listed some of the government’s failings:
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the initial response was delayed, care homes were abandoned, the ‘world-beating’ test and trace system had marginal impact.
Examining the legal implications of the government’s response to the pandemic, the PCI report pointed out:
Under the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) the Government has a duty to protect the public at large, frontline workers and at-risk groups. … Claims against breaches of ECHR could be brought in UK domestic courts. …
individuals can’t be charged with corporate manslaughter, but an organisation, such as the Department of Health and Social Care, could be.
Significantly, it added:
The question is raised as to whether this amounts to democide (‘the killing of members of a country’s civilian population, as a result of its government’s policy, including by direct action, indifference, and neglect’), ‘social murder’, gross negligence manslaughter, or misconduct in a public office?
Perhaps it’s these observations that lie behind the government’s fear of providing full disclosure to the UK Covid-19 Inquiry.
In an article on the PCI report in the British Medical Journal, Clare Dyer said:
The government repeatedly put the economy before people’s health, made poor decisions too slowly, and outsourced critical work to private companies that had no experience.
She added that the report made it clear:
there was a failure to provide adequate personal protective equipment [PPE] to staff, with the result that frontline workers had a sevenfold higher risk of getting covid. The “corrupt” contracting system set up by the government resulted in contracts for PPE being awarded without tender to people who had no experience in providing it.
Indeed, the report explained:
The disastrous decision to bypass the NHS and use the private sector to run the FTTIS [find, test, trace, isolate, support] system… has thus far cost the taxpayer £37bn
200,000 dead and rising
Meanwhile, according to the Office of National Statistics (ONS), the number of coronavirus (Covid-19) deaths in the UK has now crossed 200,000. Dr Michael Head, senior research fellow in global health at University of Southampton, commented how the vast majority of these deaths were preventable. They happened because of “policy failures at national level”.
Paul Hunter, professor in medicine at the University of East Anglia, clarified that:
Many of the deaths in early 2020 could have been prevented by a more timely response in the UK and by not discharging large numbers of infectious people to care homes.
More than 13,000 people in hospital in England on 11 July had tested positive for coronavirus. At the same time, just under 3 million adults in England remain unvaccinated. And according to an ONS estimation, the number of people with Long Covid has increased from 1.3 million (January 2022) to 2 million (as of 1 May 2022).
Access to free lateral flow tests, meanwhile, remains limited. This means infection rates are likely even higher than what’s being recorded. As Jo Goodman, co-founder of the Covid-19 Bereaved Families for Justice campaign, observed:
making people pay for tests, not enforcing adequate sick pay or taking measures to prevent the spread of Covid-19 in hospitals, the Government is effectively throwing the most vulnerable in our society to the wolves.
Record daily high
We’ve reached another milestone too. According to the ZOE study app, coronavirus cases are at a record high. The app recorded 351,546 symptomatic infections in one day alone. Professor Tim Spector, who runs the app, commented:
We’re in a leaderless country hitting another crisis without anyone to guide it. …Going on holiday, people standing for six hours in airports without masks, it’s crazy.
And Swansea University psychologist Simon Williams warned:
Although many in the public feel as though the pandemic is over – understandably given the relative lack of media coverage and the UK Government’s focus on ‘Living with Covid’ strategy – it is very much still ongoing.
It’s not surprising the NHS is feeling the strain. As Dr Deepti Gurdasani tweeted:
>3 million people infected in the community in the week ending 7th July. 1 in 19 people in England in the community estimated to have infection. Ambulances are on black alert and hospitalisations rising. Complete silence from govt and our @CMO_England
— Dr. Deepti Gurdasani (@dgurdasani1) July 15, 2022
Professor Stephen Powis, national medical director for NHS England, warned:
the NHS still faces significant pressures, from rising Covid admissions, thousands of staff absences due to the virus, the heatwave, and record demand for ambulances and emergency care.
The government’s true pandemic legacy
A brief summary shows that the UK government’s pandemic legacy is shocking if not criminal. It includes:
- The PPE scandal that saw millions of pounds siphoned off to companies with no history of supplying such equipment or failing to provide PPE of the correct quality.
- The creation of a secret VIP list of highly selected contacts to whom the government awarded PPE deals.
- A failed £37bn test and trace programme headed by Tory peer Dido Harding. Harding takes the Conservative party whip and is married to a Conservative MP.
- The near collapse of a historically underfunded NHS.
- Delay in imposing the initial 2020 lockdown, leading to thousands of additional deaths.
- Easing restrictions too early for Christmas 2021.
- Keeping India off the red list (restricted travel) until 23 April 2021, a month after the Delta variant was found there, so putting more lives at risk.
- The highest number of coronavirus deaths in Europe (apart from Russia).
This is only a partial list of the government’s many failures in handling the pandemic.
Meanwhile, the current Tory government needs to act urgently to limit more deaths from coronavirus.
As for its successor, it remains to be seen if it will follow Eadie’s advice to withhold evidence on the many government failures that punctuated the pandemic. Either way, we need accountability.
Featured image via Unsplash/Ehimetalor Akhere Unuabona cropped 770×403 pixels
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